DERMOCOSMETICS – WHAT IS IT? WHAT IS ITS RELATION WITH HAIR??
Dermocosmetics, a branch of cosmetology, deals with the skin and skin care through the use of cosmetic products enriched with functional active ingredients.
It is the fruit of the pluridisciplinary confluence of multiple sciences and scientific expertise ranging from chemistry to pharmacology, biochemistry, dermatology, microbiology, anatomy and many more.
What is a cosmetic product?
“Cosmetic product” means: “Substances or mixtures of substances intended to be placed in contact with the external parts of the human body (epidermis, hair system, nails, etc.) or with the teeth and the mucous membranes of the oral cavity with a view exclusively or mainly to cleaning them, perfuming them, changing their appearance, protecting them, keeping them in good condition or correcting body odors.”
This is stated in the Regulation (CE) No. 1223/2009 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 30 November 2009 regarding cosmetic products.
DERMOCOSMETICS – What’s in a cosmetic?
Cosmetic products may include: Creams, emulsions, lotions, gels and oils for the skin, face masks, tinted bases (liquids, pastes, powders), make-up powders, after-bath powders, hygienic powders, toilet soaps, deodorant soaps, perfumes, toilet waters and eau de Cologne, bath and shower preparations (salts, foams, oils, gels), depilatories, deodorants and anti-perspirants, hair colorants, products for waving, straightening and fixing hair, hair-setting products, hair-cleansing products (lotions, powders, shampoos), hair-conditioning products (lotions, creams, oils), hairdressing products (lotions, lacquers, brilliantines), shaving products (creams, foams, lotions), make-up and products removing make-up, products intended for application to the lips, products for care of the teeth and the mouth, products for nail care and make-up, products for external intimate hygiene, sunbathing products, products for tanning without sun, skin-whitening products and anti-wrinkle products.
DERMOCOSMETICS – THE FUNCTIONS OF COSMETICS:
A cosmetic must fulfill three functions: hygienic, eutrophic and finally aesthetic.
1) Hygienic function: The substances produced naturally by the body (sweat, sebum, skin microdesquamation etc.), when combined with the impurities caused by weather, can become a very fertile ground for the growth of pathogenic microorganisms, resulting in obstruction of the normal physiological function of the skin. This function allows to remove dirt and ensure normal physiological functioning.
2) Eutrophic function: The property of cosmetics to act positively on the epidermis, thus maintaining the tissues in the best condition.
3) Aesthetic function: It can positively influence the sensory functions of sight and smell, thus also acts on the psychology of the subject because seeing himself beautiful and fit,
helps him to live better.
Dermocosmetics represents a valuable aid to outpatient treatments and it’s the basis of home treatments for correcting any skin imperfection.
The choice of a cosmetic product that is appropriate for your skin type is far from obvious. You must first know and evaluate your own skin characteristics, and this is fundamental for the choice of the most appropriate plastic and cosmetic dermatology treatments, which will be carried out exclusively by a doctor.
Each specific cosmetic preparation has its own history and formulation, in addition to its active ingredients, which do not necessarily fit the needs of all skin types, regardless of the age of the subject, a parameter that can not and should never be considered as a sine qua non condition for the purchase of a particular product.